Can you get pregnant during PMS?

Can you get pregnant during PMS? Max 160 characters: "Understanding PMS: Can one get pregnant during this time? Find out the truth about fertility and conception during premenstrual syndrome in our blog."

Can you get pregnant during PMS?

What is PMS?

PMS, or Pre-Menstrual Syndrome, refers to a variety of physical and emotional symptoms experienced by some women before the onset of menstruation. These symptoms can include bloating, mood swings, fatigue, and breast tenderness. PMS typically occurs during the luteal phase of a woman's menstrual cycle, which is the time between ovulation and the start of menstruation.

Ovulation and the menstrual cycle

In order to better understand whether pregnancy is possible during PMS, it is essential to have a basic understanding of the menstrual cycle and ovulation. The menstrual cycle is divided into two phases: the follicular phase and the luteal phase.

The follicular phase starts on the first day of menstruation and ends with ovulation. During this phase, the ovaries develop and release an egg. Ovulation usually occurs around the 14th day of a 28-day cycle, but can vary depending on the individual.

After ovulation, the luteal phase begins, during which the uterine lining thickens in preparation for a potential pregnancy. If the egg is not fertilized by sperm, the uterine lining sheds during menstruation, and a new cycle begins.

Pregnancy and PMS

It is highly unlikely to get pregnant during PMS because ovulation has already occurred by this stage of the menstrual cycle. Once ovulation has taken place and the egg is not fertilized, it begins to disintegrate and lose its ability to be fertilized.

Furthermore, during the luteal phase, the cervical mucus thickens, creating a barrier that makes it difficult for sperm to reach the egg. The hormonal changes during this phase also make it less likely for fertilization to occur.

Exceptions and caution

Although it is unlikely to get pregnant during PMS, it is not impossible. Sperm can survive within the female reproductive system for up to five days, so if intercourse occurs towards the end of the fertile window and close to the onset of PMS symptoms, there is a small chance of pregnancy.

Additionally, some women may experience irregular menstrual cycles, making it harder to predict ovulation accurately. In such cases, it is important to consider contraception methods if pregnancy is not desired.


While it is technically possible to get pregnant during PMS, the chances are extremely low due to the timing of the menstrual cycle and the changes that occur in the female reproductive system during the luteal phase. It is always important to use appropriate contraception methods if pregnancy is not intended, as well as consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and guidance regarding reproductive health.


This article is meant for informational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance and information regarding your own reproductive health.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you get pregnant during PMS?

No, you cannot get pregnant during PMS. PMS (premenstrual syndrome) occurs during the menstrual cycle and is the time leading up to menstruation. Pregnancy can only occur if there is fertilization of an egg by sperm, which typically happens during ovulation.

If I have PMS symptoms, does it mean I'm not pregnant?

Experiencing PMS symptoms does not necessarily mean you are not pregnant. Some early pregnancy symptoms can be similar to those of PMS. If you think you might be pregnant, it is advised to take a pregnancy test or consult with a healthcare professional.

Can PMS symptoms be more intense if you are pregnant?

Yes, some women may experience more intense PMS-like symptoms if they are pregnant. This can include breast tenderness, bloating, mood swings, and fatigue. However, it's important to remember that every woman's experience is unique, and not all pregnant women will have PMS-like symptoms.

Can PMS cause a delayed period?

Yes, PMS can sometimes cause a delayed period. The hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle can affect the timing of your period. Stress, changes in weight, and certain medical conditions can also cause a delayed period.

How can I differentiate between PMS and early pregnancy symptoms?

It can be difficult to differentiate between PMS and early pregnancy symptoms as they can overlap. However, some common signs of early pregnancy include missed periods, tender breasts, fatigue, frequent urination, and nausea. Taking a pregnancy test or speaking with a healthcare professional can help determine if you are pregnant.